Since its entrance into the Indian market, Pin Up Casino India has been raising the bar for online gaming. Catering to the gaming preferences of Indian players, the platform offers a wide range of games, from Indian classics like Andar Bahar to global favorites like poker and roulette. Pin Up Casino India also impresses with its secure payment options, including UPI and other local methods, making transactions hassle-free for Indian players. Backed by a dedicated customer support team and enticing promotions, Pin Up Casino India is redefining the online gaming experience in the country.
For Android users, the 1xBet APK download offers an opportunity to access one of the most comprehensive betting platforms around. The APK ensures the best functionality of the app, offering a smooth and secure betting experience. Users can access a variety of sports betting options, live betting, and a diverse range of casino games right on their Android devices. Furthermore, the 1xBet APK guarantees that you stay updated with the latest events and promotions. With a few simple steps, you can install the 1xBet APK and immerse yourself in a thrilling betting journey, wherever you are.
Catering to the specific interests of Indian bettors, 1xBet India has made a mark in the country's online betting scene. The platform offers a vast selection of sports popular in the Indian market, including cricket, kabaddi, and football. It also provides betting opportunities on a plethora of international sports events. In addition to its sports offerings, 1xBet India also hosts an impressive online casino with a wide array of games. The platform ensures the users' convenience with a range of payment options, including the popular UPI system. Combining these user-friendly features with enticing promotions and excellent customer service, 1xBet India delivers a superior betting experience tailored to the Indian audience.

About Us

UMIST Database for Astrochemistry


UDfA, the UMIST Database for Astrochemistry, launched in 1991, was the world’s first public chemical kinetic database for Astrochemistry. The current implementation of the database, Rate12, contains over 6100 gas-phase, binary reactions among 467 species – 171 neutrals, 268 cations and 28 anions – involving 13 elements to describe chemistry in interstellar and circumstellar clouds. In addition to the parameterised rate coefficients, information is given on the applicable temperature range, accuracy and, where available, links to the original articles from which the data was gathered.


In addition to rate coefficients, the web site at also contains information on deuterium-exchange reactions, state-to-state chemistry involving hydrogen and deuterium, kinetic data on some three-body reactions, binding energies of common neutral species on water ice, and chemical kinetic codes, including plotting routines, and associated tutorial documentation for applications to dark interstellar clouds and circumstellar envelopes.

  • Contact-


    Manager: Andrew Markwick (andrew.markwick[at]